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JUPEB Biology Syllabus

Are you writing Biology in your upcoming JUPEB exams? Download the recommended syllabus to excel in your exams. Take the first step in studying smart today.

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About JUPEB Biology Syllabus

Have you chosen to write Biology in the JUPEB program? Then this article is for you. This JUPEB Biology syllabus covers a range of topics in Biology, including evolution, respiration, ecology, and cell division that you are bound to learn about in class and eventually see in your exam.

The JUPEB exam aims to prepare and teach you the basics of Biology; these are the topics all 100-level students should know that will prepare them and ensure they have a solid knowledge of Biology.

What better way to prepare than to download out syllabus? We have your comfort in mind so we have put it out in the simplest way so you have no trouble understanding it.

Writing Biology in JUPEB is very important if you want to study Medicine, Pharmacy, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, and other medical or natural science-related courses. 

What Course Of Study Can Choose Biology

With a pass in your JUPEB Biology exam, you can study Medicine, Nursing, Anatomy, or any Natural and/or Biological science course.

JUPEB First Semester Courses Biology

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE 

CREDIT LOAD

BIO001

General Biology

3 Units

BIO002

Basic Botany

3 Units

JUPEB FIRST SEMESTER Biology SYLLABUS

  
 JUPEB BIOLOGY SYLLABUS
SNTOPICSOBJECTIVES
 FIRST SEMESTER
 BIO001: GENERAL BIOLOGY
1ORIGIN OF LIVING THINGSi. Definition of biology

ii. Importance of biology

iii. The nature of science
a) Scientific methods
b) Testing of hypothesis
c) Data collection and analysis

iv. Application of scientific methods in biological experiments

v. Relationship between Biology & Medicine, Agriculture, etc
2LIVING THINGS IN NATURE AND
BIOLOGY MOLECULES
i. Different kingdoms and characteristics

ii. Carbohydrates, lipids, protein and nucleic acids
3CELL ORGANIZATION, STRUCTURE
AND FUNCTION
i. Demonstration of cell structure on microscopes

ii. Biological drawings of palm and animal cells

iii. Comparisons of plant and animal
4CELL DIVISION PRINCIPLES OF GENETICS, VARIATION AND HEREDITYi. Basic concepts in genetics: Chromosome, Gene, allele, dominant, recessive, homozygous, heterozygous, hybrid, genotype, phenotype etc

ii. The nature of genes and chromosomes

iii. Practical class
a) Determination of inheritance using coloured seeds e,g, beads, grains, etc
b) Verification of principles of Mendel’s law and its deviation

iv. Cell division experiment using onion root

v. Identification of the stages of meiosis

vi. Traits controlled by Multiple alleles e.g blood group, eye colour

vii. Determination of inheritance using coloured seeds e.g. beads, grains etc

viii. Verifications of the principles of Mendel’s laws
5SYSTEMATICS: TAXONOMY AND NOMENCLATUREi. Practical class:
a) Classification and identification of organisms
b) Highlighting adaptive features and their uses

6. Ecology
i. Symbiosis

ii. Mutualism

iii. Parasitism

iv. Environmental studies

v. Practical use of ecology equipment

vi. Population study in a specific habitant

vii. Environmental studies

viii. Practical use of ecological equipment

ix. Population study in a specific habitat

x. Environmental changes

xi. Biological impacts of climate change
6BIOLOGY METHODS AND APPLICATIONi. Standard drawing rules governing: use of pencils, specimen proportions, magnification, size of specimen drawing and labelling.
a) Diagrams must be according to length specification. Lines must not be woolly or broken
b) Drawings must carry appropriate titles at the correct positions
c) Labelling must be horizontal & parallel with ruled guidelines
d) Drawing must not be artistic i.e. no shading or painting
e) Spellings must be correct and touched by labelling lines.
7EVOLUTIONi. Definition of evolution

ii. Types of evolution

iii. Application of Evolution to Plants & Animal Taxonomy
 BIO002: BASIC BOTANY
9BASIC CHARACTERISTICS AND DIVERSITY OF PLANTSi. Classification of major plant groups (Lower and Higher plants)

ii. Divisions up to generic level • Level plants-stage, fungi, bryophytes, Pleridophytes.

iii. Morphological and life cycle of named example in each major group considering the simplest and the complex in each group of the lower plants

iv. Economic and ecological importance of plant groups

v. Practical class-classifications and morphological drawing of lower plants:

vi. Algae (Chlorella, England/Chlamydomonas, Volvax, Spirogyra)

vii. Funcgi e.g. yeast, Rhizopus, Mucor, Aspergylus, Penicillium, mushroom, phytophthora,

viii. Bryophytes eg, Riccia, Marchantia, Funaria

ix. Petriodophytes eg (Lycopodium), Seleginella, Nephrolepis

x. Higher plant (Non-Vascular and vascular plants)

xi. Spermatophytes e.g Cycas, Pinus, Gnetum, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

xii. Eleusine indico and Talinum iriangulae treated comparatively
10TAXONOMY OF LOWER AND HIGHER PLANTSi. Plant nomethenclature

ii. Plant classification

iii. The difference between taxonomy and systematics
11PLANT CONSERVATIONi. In-situ and ex-situ conservation

ii. Advantages and disadvantage of each

iii. Biological control • Poor management

iv. Impact of climate change on plants
12PLANT TISSUES AND FUNCTIONSi. Emphasis on composition, distribution, forms and functions of each limits:

ii. Parenchyma

iii. Collenchyma

iv. Sclerenchyma

v. Epidermal

vi. Per dermal

vii. Vascular (cambium, phloem, xylem)

viii. Practical class in osmosis and transpiration in plants.
13PLANT MORPHOLOGY/ANATOMY
i. Morphology of roots, stems, leaf types and their modifications due to functions

ii. Anatomy of monocot and dicot roots, stems and leaves with emphasis on tissue arrangement in relation to functions and environment.

iii. Practical class-

iv. Roots – Advantages and tap root systems, modification and adaptions

v. Anatomical observation and drawing of permanent/temporary mount of monocot and dicit roots (T.S and L.S) Locate, draw and label different plant tissues (parenchyma, collenchyma etc)

vi. Leaves- -Simple and compound leaves, arrangements, modifications to suit habitants. – T.S of leaves of both monocot and dicot and label different plant tissues (parenchyma, collenchyma etc)

vii. Flowers- -L. S of dicot flowers e.g. regular and irregular flowers floral diagrams and formula

viii. Fruits- -L. S and T.S of various types of fruits (dry dehiscent indehiscent and fleshy fruits should be observed and drawn).
14NUTRITION IN PLANTSi. Autotroph (photosynthesis and chemosynthetic)

ii. Dark and light reaction in photosynthesis

iii. Heterotopic

iv. Holozoic nutrition

v. Mineral requirements of plants their sources, roles and deficiency symptoms

vi. Composition of chemical fertilizers

vii. Composition of chemical fertilizers

viii. Practical class-

ix. Demonstration of etiolation

x. Measurement of photosynthesis in leaf

xi. Growth experiments to show deficiency symptom

xii. Field study of deficiency symptoms in plants
15TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN PLANTSi. Mineral requirements of plants

ii. Transport in xylem

iii. Transport in phloem

iv. Transport media in plant and materials to be transported

v. Practical class

vi. Transpiration, osmosis, and food transport in plants
16RESPIRATIONi. Stomata apparatus

ii. Lenticels

iii. Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
17PLANT REPRODUCTIONi. Angiosperm flower and differences between monocots and dicot flowers
18GROWTH REGULATORSi. Auxins

ii. Gibberellins

iii. Cytokines

iv. Ascorbic acids

v. Ethylene
19CROP IMPROVEMENTi. Generally Modified Crops (GMC)

ii. Challenges of resistant plant species

iii. Ethical implications of genetic modifications
20ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF PLANTSi. Economically importance food plants

ii. Economically valuable medicinal plants

iii. Ornamental plants

JUPEB Second Semester Courses for Biology

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT LOAD 

BIO003

Microbiology 

3 Units

BIO004

Fundamentals of Zoology 

 

3 Units

JUPEB SECOND SEMESTER Biology SYLLABUS

  
 SECOND SEMESTER
 BIO003: MICROBIOLOGY
21HISTORY OF THE DISCOVERY OF
MICROORGANISMS
i. The theory of spontaneous generation of organisms

ii. Conflict over spontaneous generations

iii. The golden era of microbiology (1860-1910)

iv. The germ theory of disease

v. The discovery of viruses

vi. Microorganisms in the 20th century

vii. Practical class-introduction to basic microbial laboratory equipment, principles of operation and drawings
22TYPES AND TAXONOMIC GROUPINGS OF
MICROORGANISMS
i. Bacteria-size, shapes, motility, unusual types, general methods of bacteria classification

ii. Fungi-yeast and mould-size, shape, general fungal classification

iii. Protozoa-specific examples, motile and non-motile types, nutrition types

iv. Viruses-sizes, bacteriophages, viroid, prions

v. Algae-sizes, types, diatoms, sea weeds, lichens, sexual and asexual evolution

vi. Practical class-aseptic techniques in microbiology
23STRUCTURE, MORPHOLOGY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROORGANISMSi. Structure of bacteria cells-capsule, flagella. Pilli and fimbrise, cell wall, plasma membrane, cytoplasm

ii. Cell wall of fungal cells, cytoplasm

iii. Cultural characteristics of bacterial growth-on solid and liquid media, forms of growth.

iv. Cultural and cellular characteristics of mould and yeast on solid and liquid media, hyphal and mycelial types.

v. Biochemical characteristics of bacteria and fungi

vi. Viruses and their structures

vii. Reproduction and microbial growth phases

viii. Practical class-cultivation and identification of bacteria from soil, water and decomposing food
24MICROBIAL ECOLOGYi. Predation

ii. Competition

iii. Synergism

iv. Commensalism

v. Infectious diseases

vi. Immunity

vii. Spoilage of food

viii. Control of microbial activities
25MICROBIAL NUCLEIC ACIDS IN INFORMATION STORAGE AND TRANSFERi. Nature of DNA

ii. Nucleosides and nucleotides

iii. Types of RNA

iv. Enzymes in DNA replication

v. Genetic code

vi. Transcription and translation

vii. Transfer of genetic materials in prokaryotes

viii. Spontaneous mutation, induced mutation, expression of mutation

ix. Biotechnological use of microorganisms in
a) Food industry: Environment,
b) Pharmaceuticals, Medical, and agricultural fields
 BIO004: INTRODUCTORY ZOOLOGY
26DIVERSITY AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMALSi. General characteristics of animals

ii. Diversity of lifestyles, habitants

iii. Categories of animals
27SYSTEMATICS (TAXONOMY) OF ANIMALSi. Unicellular levels of organizational: metazoan

ii. Classification of invertebrates
a) Animals without tissues
b) Animals with tissues
c) Animals exhibiting bilateral symmetry (bilateral)
d) Animals with body cavity (coelomates)
e) Segmented animals
f) Animals with jointed appendages
g) Animals with backbone (vertebrates)

ii. Major and minor phyla

iii. Types of tissues and organ systems


iv. Practical class-
a) Identification and classification of animal specimens the different phyla
b) Dissection of selected animals-cockroaches, fish, frog, rat, etc
28EVOLUTION OF ANIMALSi. Adaption of animals in water

ii. Adaptation of animals on land

iii. Adaption of animals in air
29INVERTEBRATESi. Taxonomy, characteristics, diversity, lifestyles, morphology and life cycle providing named representative examples in such order

ii. Free living flat worms

iii. Parasite flat worms (trematodes and cestodes) of medical and veterinary importance

iv. Emphasize the body plan

v. Why arthropods are successful
30INTRODUCTION TO CHORDATESi. Challenges and adaptions to living in the different habitants

ii. History and important adaptations

iii. Diversity, classification, morphology and life cycle, providing representative examples from the different orders

iv. History and important of adaptions

v. Rise and fall of dominant reptiles

vi. Cleary state the taxonomic features that warrant the grouping into classes
31ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF ANIMALSi. Benefits of animals to man

ii. Economics importance of arthropods
32PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSESi. Nutrition in animals
a) Types of nutrition in animals
b) Nutrition in human
c) Types of definition in animals
d) Alimentary system in man
e) Digestion (diverse enzymes) and absorption
f) Practical class- food test

ii. Respiration in Mammals
a) Lung as a respiratory organ
b) Role of a circulatory system in respiration

iii.Skeletall system
a) Morphology and function of human skeleton
b) Forms of skeleton
c) Components of and differences between bone and cartilage
d) Parts of mammalian endoskeleton
e) Definition and types of joint

iv. Reproduction
a) Vertebrate reproduction
b) Structure and function of human female and male reproductive system
33TRANSPORT OF SUBSTANCE ACROSS MEMBRANEi. Excretion
a) Osmoregulation
b) Structure and function of the nephron – ultrafiltration, selective reabsorption and excretion
c) The effects of weather on excretion

ii. Circulatoryy system
a) Human circulatory/transport system
b) Blood as agent of transport
c) Components of blood
d) The functions of blood
e) Types of circulation

iii.Growthh and development
a) Principles of development- stages in embryology

iv. Osmotic balance

v. Selective transport of substance across members

vi. Osmotic pressure

vii. Turgor pressure

viii. Active transport

ix. Practical class – experiment demonstration diffusion, osmosis and plasmolysis

Recommended JUPEB Biology Textbooks

1. Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman.

2. Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann.

3. Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan.

4. Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP

5. (Stan2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann

6. Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman

7. Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited

Frequently Asked Questions About JUPEB Biology

How many questions will I answer in the NABTEB Biology exam?

The NABTEB Biology exam is divided into 3 papers. Paper 1 will comprise 50 objective questions and 8 essay questions for you to answer 4.

In paper 3, you will be asked to answer 2 practical questions.

Does JUPEB punish candidates for examination malpractice?

Yes, if any candidate is caught cheating in the exam he or she will be punished for examination malpractice and it could lead to the body canceling or withholding the result.

 

How does JUPEB set its questions?

Depending on the subject, the questions are usually divided into 2 or 3 parts: Objective, Theory, and/or Practical. Just like your school examination where you are expected to write objectives, theory, and practicals in some subjects.

What is the required grade to get admitted into any University?

You must have at least credits in your 3 subjects to gain admission into any university.

How can a candidate collect his/her certificate?

You must have at least credits in your 3 subjects to gain admission into any university.

What should I do on the day of the exam to perform well?

Stay calm and pay attention to the instructions. Do not panic whenever you see a question you don’t know. When you get confused about a question, raise your hand and ask the invigilator for clarification.

All JUPEB Subject & Syllabus

NOTE: Candidates are required to write 3 subjects in the qualifying examination)

JUPEB currently offers examinations in the following nineteen (19) subjects as detailed in its syllabuses. The subjects can be classified into 3 categories: Arts & Humanities, Management & Social Science and Sciences

Arts and Humanities

JUPEB Christian Religious Studies (CRS) Syllabus
JUPEB Islamic Religious Studies (IRS) Syllabus
JUPEB French Syllabus
JUPEB History Syllabus
JUPEB Igbo Syllabus
JUPEB Literature-in-English Syllabus
JUPEB Music Syllabus
JUPEB Visual Arts Syllabus
JUPEB Yoruba Syllabus

Management & Social Sciences

JUPEB Accounting Syllabus
JUPEB Government Syllabus
JUPEB Geograhy Syllabus
JUPEB Economics Syllabus
JUPEB Business Studies Syllabus

Sciences

JUPEB Biology Syllabus
JUPEB Chemistry Syllabus
JUPEB Physics Syllabus
JUPEB Mathematics Syllabus
JUPEB Agricultural Science Syllabus

Other Categories

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Primary School

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Secondary School

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