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NECO Civic Education Syllabus

Are you writing Civic Education in your NECO O’level exams? Download the recommended Civic Education syllabus to excel in your exams.

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About NECO Civic Education Syllabus

If you’re preparing for the NECO Civic Education exam, you’re in the right place. Here’s the breakdown on what you’ll be learning and why it matters.

The main goal of this syllabus is to help you become a better citizen and to also help you in preparing for your exam. You’ll be studying how our society works and your role in it. You’ll find out why citizenship is more than just having a passport, how governments are structured, and what they’re supposed to do for us.

You’ll also look at some of the big issues facing our communities today. From human rights to environmental challenges, there’s a lot to cover. By understanding your rights and duties, you’ll be better equipped to make a difference, both locally and globally.

Marking Guide & Sections

Let’s talk about how your NECO Civic Education exam is structured. This guide is here to help you understand what you need to do to earn those marks.

The NECO Civic Education exam comprises two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2. Both papers are part of the same exam session, so you’ll complete them one after the other in a sitting.

Paper 1: Multiple Choice

This part of the exam is a 1-hour multiple-choice test with 50 questions that covers the entire syllabus. It’s worth 40 marks in total. Each question has a set of options, and you just need to pick the correct one. To do well here, make sure you’ve reviewed all the key concepts in the syllabus and practiced with past questions. Don’t rush, take your time and think through each question before selecting your answer.

Paper 2: Essay Questions

Paper 2 is a 2-hour essay test that has three sections: A, B, and C. Each section has three questions, and you need to answer four questions in total, choosing at least one from each section. This paper is worth 60 marks.

Here’s a breakdown of what each section encompasses:

Section A is about national ethics, discipline, rights, and obligations. Here, you’ll write about topics like citizenship, ethics, and the responsibilities we have towards each other and the government.

Section B focuses on emerging issues in society. This could include things like environmental concerns, social justice, or technology’s impact on society.

Section C covers governmental systems and processes. You’ll talk about how the government works, different branches of government, and interact interact.

The NECO Civic Education Syllabus

1Values1.1 definition,
1.2 types,
1.3 importance of values to the society
2Citizenship and Nationalism2.1 meaning of citizenship
2.2 meaning of citizenship education
2.3 goals of citizenship education
2.4 duties and obligations of citizens
2.5 meaning of nationalism
2.6 ways of promoting national consciousness, integrity and unity in the
2.7 the nationalistic roles of individual and groups
2.8 identification of local and world civic problems
3Human Rights3.1 meaning of human rights
3.2 categories of human rights
3.3 characteristics of human rights
3.4 meaning and historical background of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights (UDHR)
3.5 meaning and identification of the seven core freedoms of UDHR
3.6 importance of UDHR
3.7 roles of individual, groups and government in UDHR
3.8 limitations to the exercise of human rights
4Law and Order4.1 definition of Law and Order
4.2 features of Law and Order
4.3 importance of Law and Order in the society
4.4 meaning of constituted authority
4.5 types of constituted authority
4.6 importance and roles of constituted authority
5Responsible Parenthood5.1 meaning of responsible parenthood
5.2 roles of responsible parents;
5.3 importance of responsible parenthood in national development
6Traffic Regulations6.1 meaning of traffic regulations
6.2 traffic regulation and its importance in the society
6.3 the roles of the individual and government in maintaining traffic
7Interpersonal Relationships7.1 meaning of interpersonal relationships
7.2 types of interpersonal relationships
7.3 skills that promotes interpersonal relationships
7.4 meaning of inter communal relationships
7.5 importance of inter communal relationships
7.6 meaning of inter-communal conflicts
7.7 skills for resolving inter-communal conflicts
8Cultism8.1 meaning and origin of cultism
8.2 different cult groups in Nigeria and their symbols
8.3 reasons for cultism
8.4 consequences of cultism
8.5 ways of preventing cultism in the society
9Drugs and Drug Abuse9.1 meaning of drug abuse
9.2 drugs that can be abused
9.3 how drugs are abused
9.4 symptoms of drug abuse
9.5 behaviours of drug addicts
9.6 ways of preventing drug abuse
9.7 government agencies working to prevent drug abuse/trafficking and
their activities
9.8 laws against drug abuse
10Human Trafficking10.1 meaning of human trafficking
10.2 causes of human trafficking
10.3 effects and consequences of human trafficking
10.4 efforts of government and individuals in stopping human trafficking
11Hiv/Aids11.1 meaning of HIV/AIDS
11.2 causes of HIV/AIDS
11.3 symptoms and effects of HIV/AIDS
11.4 prevention of HIV/AIDS
11.5 stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS
12Youth Empowerment12.1 meaning of youth empowerment
12.2 youth empowerment skills
12.3 importance and benefits of youth empowerment skills
12.4 efforts of government towards youth empowerment
13Structure and Functions of Government13.1 meaning of government
13.2 structure/tiers of government
13.3 functions of government
14Democracy, Rule of Law and National Development14.1 meaning, types, and features of democracy
14.2 importance of democracy
14.3 pillars of democracy
14.4 problems of democracy
14.5 meaning of rule of law
14.6 features of rule of law
14.7 importance of rule of law
14.8 problems of rule of law
14.9 meaning of national development
14.10 how democracy and Rule of law promote national development- good
governance, employment creation and poverty alleviation etc
15Political Apathy15.1 meaning of political apathy
15.2 causes of political apathy
15.3 consequences of political apathy
15.4 why leaders fail to protect the interests of their followers
15.5 how leaders can protect the interests of their followers
15.6 ways of discouraging political apathy
16Civil Society and Popular Participation16.1 meaning of popular participation
16.2 types of popular participation
16.3 the need for popular participation in the society
16.4 traditional and modern modes of popular participation
16.5 achieving popular participation in politics
16.6 meaning of civil society
16.7 functions / need for civil society
16.8 qualities / characteristics of civil society; i.e. accountability, fairness,
justice, equity etc.
16.9 problems of civil society; i.e. bribery and corruption, inadequate funding,
overbearing influence of foreign donors etc
17Public Service in Democracy17.1 meaning of public service
17.2 functions of public service
17.3 problems of public service
17.4 reasons for the shortcomings in the public service
17.5 ways of improving the public service

Recommended NECO Civic Education Textbooks

1. ADAMOLEKUN, L. Politics and Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 1986

2. ADEBAYO, A Principles and Practice of Public Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 2000. 

3. ANIFOWOSE, R. & F. ENEMUO (eds) Elements of Politics. Lagos: Sam Iroanusi Publications, 1999

4. APPADORAI A. The Substance of Politics, Eleventh Edition. Madras: Oxford University Press, 1975.

5. BANJI, K. Citizenship Education. Lagos: Dedun Educational Books, 1976. 

6. FGN 1999 Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria as Amended. Abuja: Federal Government Press, 2011.

7. LEAP AFRICA Rage for Change, a Guide for Young Nigerians who Desire to Make a Difference. Lagos: Leap Africa, 2008.

8. MENEKE, O.A. and NWEBO, I. Milestone Comprehensive Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Owerri: Milestone Publishers Limited, 2012.

9. NWAUBANI, O.O. Citizenship Education and Nigerian Culture. Lagos: T-Excel Publishers, 2000. 

10. OGUNBAMERUN, O.A. Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-Ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997.

11. OKUNLOYE, R.W., et al Civic Education for Senior Secondary, Books 1, 2 & 3, UBE Edition. Lagos: Learn Africa PLC, 2011.

12. OLURODE, L. & O. SOYOMBO (eds) Readings in Campus Violence. Lagos: John West Publications Ltd, 12004. 

13. ONI, E.O., et al Straight-Gate Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Ibadan: Straight-Gate Publishers Ltd, 2012.

14. OYEDIRAN, O., et al. Government For Senior Secondary Schools. Lagos: Longman Nig Ltd, 1990. 

15. OYEDIRAN, O. Introduction to Political Science. Ibadan: Oyediran Consults International, 1998.

16. TANYA, R.H. HIV/AIDS: Hope amid Despair. Lagos: Megarona (West Africa) Ltd, 2005.

17. UKEGBU, M.N., et al. Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher. 

18. UNO Human Rights: the International Bill of Human Rights. New York: United Nations Organization, 1993.

Frequently Asked Questions About the NECO Civic Education Exams

What's the structure of the exam?

This exam is a composite exam, which means there are two papers taken in one sitting. Paper 1 is a 1-hour multiple-choice test with 50 questions, while Paper 2 is a 2-hour essay-type test divided into three sections: A, B, and C. You’ll need to answer four questions in Paper 2, choosing at least one from each section. Together, the papers carry 100 marks.

How can I prepare for the multiple-choice section?

The best way to prepare for Paper 1 is to review the entire syllabus and practice with past questions. Multiple-choice tests are about accuracy and speed, so make sure you understand the key concepts and terms. Take practice tests to get used to the format, and remember to read each question carefully before choosing your answer.

What kind of questions will be in the essay section?

In Paper 2, you’ll find three sections with three questions each. Section A questions will be set on national ethics, discipline, rights, and obligations. Section B questions will come from the emerging issues in society, like environmental concerns or social justice. Section C is about governmental systems and processes. Your answers should be clear and structured, showing that you understand the topic and can explain it in detail.

What topics should I focus on the most?

It’s important to cover all the topics in the syllabus, but some areas are worth extra attention. Focus on the fundamentals of citizenship, rights and obligations, governmental structures, and emerging societal issues. These topics are mostly set in the exam. Make sure you understand them well.

How can I improve my time management during the exam?

Proper time management is among the skills you need to pass your exam. For Paper 1, allocate about a minute per question. If you’re stuck, move on and come back if you have time. For Paper 2, spend a few minutes planning each essay and about 30 minutes writing it. Try not to get too caught up on one question and keep your eye on the clock.

What if I need help during the exam?

If you have a question about the instructions or need clarification, don’t ask your exam mate as that can implicate you. You can raise your hand to get the attention of an invigilator (exam supervisor), they can’t help you with the content, but they can clarify the instructions. If you feel unwell, let them know immediately they’re there to help.

How should I study for the exam?

Break down your study sessions into manageable chunks and use the syllabus to guide your study topics. You can also practice with past questions and sample papers to get a feel for the exam format. Don’t just memorize the past questions as that won’t help you in understanding the concepts so you can apply them in different scenarios when the questions are asked in a different format.

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