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NECO Commerce Syllabus

Are you Commerce in your NECO O’level exams? Download the recommended commerce syllabus to excel in your exams. Take the first step in studying smart today.

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About NECO Commerce Syllabus

This NECO Commerce exam syllabus is here to guide you on finding everything you need to know to excel in your Commerce exam. From the basics of business principles to understanding economics concepts.

While this exam is basically for commercial candidates aspiring to the field of commerce and accounting, you must have been familiar with most of the topics. This syllabus will guide you for your exam. 

With this detailed and straightforward syllabus by your side, preparing for your commerce exam will feel like a breeze. Why don’t you equip yourself with the knowledge and skills to excel in your NECO Commerce exam, and conquer commerce with confidence?

Marking Guide & Sections

Let’s break down how your NECO Commerce exam will be marked: you have two papers to answer, Paper 1 and Paper 2, all in one sitting.

Paper 1

Paper 1 is a 50 multiple-choice question to be completed in 50 minutes, each question carries one mark, so a total of 50 marks are up for grabs. Your answers will be marked based on correctness, so make sure to read each question carefully before selecting your answer. Remember, there is no penalty for guessing, so if you are unsure, take your best shot.

Paper 2

Here, you will face eight questions. However, you only need to answer any five of them and you will be given two hours to pour your knowledge onto the pages. Each question carries a hefty twenty marks, so make sure to study into each topic so as to be able to provide comprehensive answers.

Your answers will be marked based on clarity, depth of understanding, and relevance to the questions asked. Don’t forget to structure your answers well and use examples to support your points.

With this marking guide in mind, you are all set to ace your NECO Commerce exam papers. Goodluck!

The NECO Commerce Syllabus

 NECO COMMERCE SYLLABUS
SNTOPICSOBJECTIVES
1INTRODUCTIONi. Definition of Commerce and E – Commerce
ii. History/Background of Commerce
iii. Scope of Commerce and E Commerce
iv. Functions of Commerce and E Commerce
2OCCUPATIONi. Meaning of Occupation
ii. Types;- Industrial, Commercial, Service Occupation
iii. Factors that determine types of occupation/employment
Career Opportunities
3PRODUCTIONi. Meaning
ii. Factors – land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship
iii. Types:- Primary, Secondary and Tertiary production
iv. Division of labour/specialization
– meaning
– types
– advantages and disadvantages,
– limitation
v. Inter-relationship between production and exchange
4BUSINESS UNITSi. Meaning and objectives of business
ii. Forms of business units
— Sole proprietorship,
— Partnership,
— Co-operative Societies,
— Credit Union and Thrift Societies,
— Public enterprises,
— Companies –
iii. Types, Formation, characteristics, comparison,
advantages and disadvantages
iv. Sources of capital of each forms of business
v. Meaning and purpose of
– Amalgamations,
– Mergers and acquisitions
– Trust,
– Holding companies and Subsidiaries
– Consortium and Cartel
vi. Dissolution/Liquidation of Companies/Partnership
5TRADE ASSOCIATIONSAims and functions of
i. Trade Association
ii. Chamber of Commerce, Employers Association
iii. Consumer Association/Consumerism
6BUSINESS CAPITAL AND PROFITSi. Meaning and types – Authorized/Registered/Normal capital,
called-u, paid-up capital, capital owned, liquid/circulating capital
ii. Credit – Meaning, Sources, Instrument and Functions
iii. Calculation of working capital, the Importance of working
capital
iv. Profits – Meaning, types and calculation of profit
v. Turnover – Meaning, calculations and factors affecting turnover.
7TRADE7.1 HOME TRADE
7.2 FOREIGN TRADE
8PURCHASE AND SALE OF GOODS IN HOME AND FOREIGN TRADEi. Procedure and documents used in business – Order, Indent,
Consular Invoice, Ordinary Invoice, Credit/Debit notes,
Proforma Invoice, Letter of hypothecation, documentary credit,
certificate of origin, certificate of inspection, insurance certificate
ii. Price Quotation – Trade discount, Cash discount, Quantity
discount, COD, CWO, CIF, FOB, E & OE, Ex-works, LOCO, FAS,
FOR and Franco
iii. Terms of Payment: Cash/Spot Payment, Purchase and
deferred payment.
iv. Means of payment – Legal tender – (bank notes and coins),
cheques, standing order, bank draft, stamps, postal-orders,
money orders, bills of exchange and promissory Note, mail
transfer, traveller’s cheques, telegraphic transfer. E Payment
9FINANCE AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS9.1 MONEY
9.2 BANKS
9.3 INSURANCE
9.4 CAPITAL MARKET
9.5 STOCK EXCHANGE (first tier)
9.6 COMMODITY EXCHANGE
10TRANSPORT, TOURISM, COMMUNICATION and WAREHOUSING10.1 TRANSPORT
10.2 TOURISM
10.3 COMMUNICATION
10.4 WAREHOUSING
11ADVERTISING(i) Meaning
(ii) Roles, advantages and disadvantages
(iii) Types – informative, persuasive, Competitive, mass/specific
(iv) Methods – direct and indirect
(v) Media- meaning, choice and types
12INTRODUCTION TO MARKETING12.1 MARKETING
12.2 MARKETING CONCEPT
12.3 CUSTOMER SERVICES
12.4 SALES PROMOTION
13LEGAL ASPECT OF BUSINESS(i) Contract
– Meaning –
– Elements of a valid contract
– Discharge of a contract
(ii) Agency
– Meaning
– Creation
– Duties and responsibilities of principals and agents
– Termination
(iii) Sales of goods Act
(iv) Hire Purchase Act
(v) Rights and Obligations of employer and Employee
(vi) Government regulation of Business – patents, copyright.
Trade mark
(vii) Registration of Business
– Meaning and uses
(i) Meaning
(ii) Need for protection
(iii) Means of protection
(iv) Consumerism
Meaning
Means, Instrument of protection
Government Legislation – food and drugs Act standard
organization Act – Price Control Act – Factory, Shops and
Offices Act – Product quality
14GOVERNMENT POLICIES RELATING to BUSINESS14.1 COMMERCIALISATION
14.2 PRIVATISATION
14.3 DEREGULATION
15INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS MANAGEMENTi. Meaning
ii. Objectives of business
iii. Meaning of Business Management
iv. Functions
v. Business Resources
– Man, Money, Materials Opportunities/Goodwill
vi. Structure of Business organizational setup Organisational chart,
Departments, Functions of each, Authority, Delegation of Authority
– Responsibility Span of Control Meanings
vii. Business and its environment Economical
– Political Competition Technological etc
viii. Social responsibility of Business to the Society
ix. Importance of Inter and Intra departmental communications
16ECONOMIC GROUPINGS16.1 ECOWAS
16.2 NIGER BASIN . COMMISSION (NBC)
16.3 LAKE CHAD BASIN COMMISSION (LCBC)
16.4 MANO-RIVER UNION
16.5 EUROPEAN UNION
16.6 WEST AFRICAN CLEARING HOUSE

Recommended NECO Commerce Textbooks

  1. C.K. et al (2014) Extension Modern Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools (2010), Extension Publication.
  2. Are, L. A et al (2010) Comprehensive Certificate Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools, University Press Plc.
  3. STAN (1999) Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools, Lagos: Longman.
  4. Daramola A. M. Et al (1999) Exam Focus Agricultural Science for SSCE and JME
  5. Adeniyi, M.O.et al (1999) Countdown to Senior Secondary Certificate Examination Agricultural Science, Ibadan: Evans.

Frequently Asked Questions About the NECO Commerce Exams

How do I prepare for the NECO Commerce exam?

To prepare for the exam, start by reviewing your class notes and textbooks. Practice solving past questions and quiz yourself. Don’t forget to understand key concepts and theories.

What topics should I focus on for Paper 1?

Paper 1 mostly covers multiple-choice questions, so focus on understanding fundamental concepts like business principles, marketing strategies, and basic economics theories.

Are there any specific study materials I should use?

Along with your class materials, you can also check out NECO’s recommended textbooks and study guides.

How should I manage my time during the exam?

You need to know how to manage your time. For Paper 1, aim to spend about a minute per multiple-choice question. For Paper 2, allocate your time wisely, spending more time on questions with higher marks.

What is the best way to approach essay questions in NECO Commerce Paper 2?

Start by carefully reading each question and planning your answer. Make sure to structure your response with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use relevant details to support your points.

What should I do if I run out of time during the exam?

If you find yourself running short of time, prioritize answering the questions you feel most confident about first. Then, if you have time remaining, go and attempt the ones you skipped or left incomplete. Every point counts.

How can I review my answers before submitting the exam?

If time permits, it’s always a good idea to review your answers. Quickly scan through your responses, checking for any errors or incomplete answers. Make necessary corrections or additions before time runs out.

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