SS1 Visual Arts Scheme of Work

Download the Senior Secondary School 1 (SS1) Unified Scheme of Work for Visual Arts to serve as a guide for educators

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About SS1 Visual Arts Scheme of Work

Visual Arts as a subject in Senior Secondary 1 (SS1) in Nigeria is a broad and engaging field that introduces students to essential concepts, techniques, and historical backgrounds of art. The Lagos state unified scheme of work for visual arts aims to enhance students’ creativity, aesthetic appreciation, and cultural awareness through diverse forms of visual expression. 

This subject is an entry point to exploring and understanding visual art’s rich and varied world. It is not just about producing visually appealing works; it includes a wide array of activities that enable the communication of ideas, emotions, and cultural values through different mediums.

In Nigeria, with its vibrant cultural heritage and contemporary art scene, studying Visual Arts offers a distinctive opportunity to connect with our history, traditions, and the modern world. This subject familiarizes students with fundamental art concepts, techniques, and principles. They learn to value different art forms, from traditional crafts to modern digital art, and develop their creative skills through practical projects.

Assessment Guide

In senior secondary school 1, students are assessed in Visual Arts based on the school’s prerogative. However, typically, they are evaluated through tests or quizzes (Continuous Assessment Tests), practical art exercises, and end-of-term exams.

Grading follows a scale from A to F, with A representing excellent performance, typically scoring around 70% or 80%, and F indicating failure, usually below 50% or 45%.

SS1 First Term Scheme of Work for Visual Arts

 Visual Arts Scheme of Work for Senior Secondary Schools 1(SSS1)
 ClassS.S.S 1
 SubjectVisual Arts
 TermFirst Term
1&2Visual arts1. Consciously created through an expression of skill or imagination. The act of making skillful use of materials to produce things for human use and pleasure
2. Classification of visual arts.
1. Drawing 2. Painting 3. Sculpture
1. Graphics 2. Textile 3. Ceramics
i. Teacups ii. Clothes
-Advert posters
-Aesthetic i. Painting ii. Sculpture
-RELIGIOUS carved images as idols, masks, divination tray
-POLITICAL chiefly stools-Symbols to Educate
3Visual sense1. The dynamics of basic shapes in every object eg. Cylinder or bottle
i. The basic shapes
ii. All objects have more than one color because they reflect the colors of objects around them. Every object is unique in the surface likeness (texture).
2. The nuances of colour mixture on surfaces of objects we see.
4Professions and job opportunitiesProfessions of visual artists
1. Graphic designer
i. Video Editors ii. Cartoonist iii. Designers for lithographic printing
2. Industrial designers e.g. Textile designers
3. Painters
4. Sculptors
5. Ceramic Industry
6. Photography
7. Cultural officers
8. Medical illustrators
9. Investigative illustration
5Drawing linesConcept of lines
a. Types of lines:
b. Qualities of lines:
6Drawing nature and man made objectsLines as patterns in nature
i. woodland (trees without leaves)
ii. Lines on animals e.g Zebrah.
iii. Skeleton of animals.
iv. Veins in leaves
2. Lines as pattern in man-made objects.
7Drawing and shading1. Power and railway lines.
2. Steel frame work and structure of buildings.
3. Bridges, fences
i. Eye and hand coordination, imitative drawing.
ii. Shading techniques cross-hatching pointillism, blurring, and hatching.
8Drawing still life objectsStill-life drawing
1. Composition of inanimate objects
-Lines, qualities direction of shapes, and forms.
-Simple perspective in object drawing.
Natural objects, from texture, and tone
-Study of nature e.g flowers, rocks, fruits, vegetables, insects, and fish
9Drawing human figurei. Life drawing composition
ii. Proportion
iii. Tonality
10Introduction to art appreciation1. The analysis and evaluation of works of art
2. Form and their suggestions
3. Use of elements and principles of design
4. Composition in art work for harmony
5. Significance of pictorial elements
6. Terminologies in art Art terms:
-Appliqué, Balance,Bas-relief, Calligraphy,Cartoon, Motifs, Silhouette,Cire Perdue
11&12Revision and Examination 


SS1 Second Term Scheme of Work for Visual Arts

 TermSecond Term
1&2Introduction to graphicsBlock lettering and calligraphic lettering feature:
-formation of letters
-streamlining letters
-skill and craftsmanship
-learn loops
3&4Introduction to graphicsForms of Graphic Advertisement:
-invitation cards
-book cover
-CD Jackets
-suitable design
-legibility of lettering
-technical proficiency
-colour distribution and harmony
-colour symbolism
5&6Introduction to computer graphics1. Computer hardware. The visible and tangible components of the computer Components
-Systems Unit
2. Computer software. The instructions that tell your computer what to do.
-Corel draw
-Harvard graphics
-Adobe Photoshop
3. The 4 basic mouse techniques
7&8Textile designsA. Textile design on paper. A motif. A single unit of design.
B. Repeat patterns
-Half drop
2. Printed textile design
3. Printing techniques
-Lino cut
-Yarn cut
-Screen printing
9Terminologies in 2 dimensional artTerminologies in 2-dimensional art:
vanishing point medium chiaroscuro foreshore tuning, aerial view Repeat motif picture plans
10Terminologies in 3 dimensional artTerminologies in 3 dimensional art.
– Terra
– Sculpture in the round
– Green ware
– Leather hard
– Marquette
– Relief


SS1 Third Term Scheme of Work for Visual Arts

 TermThird Term
1Introduction to modeling
Terminologies in ceramics
1. Types of clay
-Primary clay
-secondary clay
2. Properties of clay:
3. ceramic tools and equipment
4. Methods of molding
5. Processes of drying and firing
2Introduction to modeling (continued)
3Introduction to modeling (continued)
4Historical foundation of Nigerian arts (200BC–1900 AD)
1. Nok Arts
2. Igbo-Ukwu Arts
3. Ife Arts:
-Bronze works
-Quartz carving
4. Benin Art-Bronze works-Ivory carving
5. Owo terracottas
6. Tsoede Bronze
7. Esie soapstone
8. Wood carving e.g. Ekpo wood carving an Ekpo mask of the Ibibios and Annangs
9. Alok Monolith stones at Ikom L.G.A, Cross River State
5Historical foundation of Nigerian arts (continued)
6Historical foundation of Nigerian arts (continued)
7Historical foundation of Nigerian arts (continued)
8Museums and art
1. Definition of Museum building or institution where objects of artistic, historical or scientific importance and value are kept; studied and put on display
2. Definition of Art Gallery: A place where artworks are exhibited and sometimes sold.
3. History of museums in Nigeria
4. Types of museums; natural history of museum at Ife, war museum at Umuahia, Museum of Nigerian Traditional Architecture monta in Jos
9Museums and galleries in Nigeria
10Museums and art galleries in Nigeria (Continued)


Recommended Visual Arts Textbooks for Senior Secondary School 1

The recommended Visual Arts textbooks for SSS1 include but are not limited to the following:

  • Integrated Visual Arts for Secondary Schools by Bayo Okunlola et al 

        Bounty Press 

  • NERDC  Guide to Visual Art Examination by Bayo Okunlola  

       Sea Publishers 

  • Certificate Art for Junior and Senior Secondary Schools by UPL Publishers.


  • A3 size Sketch Pad      
  • Pack of Pencil Colours (with long pencil colours)      
  • A packet of felt tips    
  • A3 or A4 size tracing paper        
  • Pallette (big size) and palette knife (plastic type)    
  • Charcoal or charcoal pencils (2)    
  • Sets of calligraphy pens    
  • Ink Rot ring or Stadler    
  • Drawing instruments / Maths Set    
  • Poster colour (A pack of 12 bottles)    
  • Pack of hog brushes    
  • Pack of sable brushes    
  • Pack of B pencils 

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