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JSS1 Basic Science Scheme of Work

Download the Junior Secondary School 1 (JSS1) Unified Scheme of Work for Basic science

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About JSS1 Basic Science Scheme of Work

Basic Science at the Junior Secondary School 1 (JSS1) level introduces students to fundamental scientific concepts and principles. With the adoption of the National Policy on Education, the Basic Science program was introduced as a core subject at the Junior Secondary School level to introduce students to the world of science and to prepare them for higher education in science and technology.

Basic science is a science subject taught at the lower, upper primary, and junior secondary school levels. It helps students gain an understanding of the roles and functions of science in everyday life and the world in which they live.

Additionally, at this level, emphasis is placed on developing practical skills such as observation, measurement, and experimentation. Practical experiments and demonstrations are often used to reinforce theoretical concepts and encourage hands-on learning.

Assessment Guide

In junior secondary schools, assessment methods in Basic Science may vary from one institution to another. However, the common approaches include regular tests or quizzes, known as Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs), and end-of-term exams.

Students’ performance is graded on a scale ranging from A to F. An A grade reflects outstanding achievement,  corresponding to scores around 70% or 80%. An F grade indicates failure, typically associated with scores below 50% or 45%.

JSS1 First Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 LAGOS STATE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION: UNIFIED SCHEMES OF WORK FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
 Basic Science Scheme of Work for Junior Secondary School 1(JSS1)
 ClassJ.S.S.1
 SubjectBasic Science
 TermFirst Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS – II. Meaning, Identification and Classification of Matter
II. Define Matter, States of Matter
2LIVING AND NON LIVING – III. Characteristics of living and Non Livings
II. Examples, Characteristics and Importance of Plants and Animals
3LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS – IIII. Differences between Plants and Animals
II. Examples, Properties, Uses and Importance of Living and Non Living
4LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS – IVI. Classification of Non Living into Metals and Non Metals
II. Examples, Properties, Uses and Importance
5HUMAN DEVELOPMENTI. Meaning of Puberty and Adolescence
II. Puberty/Adolescent Changes – Physical, Social and Emotional Changes III. Personal Hygiene
IV. Menstruation, Menstrual Cycle and Menstrual Hygiene – Myths and Facts about
Pubertal
Changes in Boys and Girls
V. Coping with concerns at Adolescence Pubertal Changes and Emotional Development
6FAMILY HEALTH – IDefine Sanitation and Explain its Importance and Methods used.
7 -8FAMILY HEALTH – III. Define Nutrition
II. Explain Balance Diet and Give Examples
III. List the Classes of Food with Examples
IV. Plan an Adequate Diet for a Home.
9FAMILY HEALTH – IIII. Meaning of Drug, Drug and Substance Abuse, Addiction and Misuse
II. Examples and Sources of Drugs
III. Uses and Side Effects of Drugs
10REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMI. Male Reproductive Organs – Internal and External
II. Functions and Cares of Male and Female Reproductive Organs
11REVISION 
12 -13REVISION AND EXAMINATION 

JSS1 Second Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 TermSecond Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1REVISION OF LAST TERM’S WORKI. Male Reproductive Organs – Internal and External
II. Functions and Cares of Male and Female Reproductive Organs
2ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION – II. Definition of Air, Soil and Water Pollution
II. Causes of Air, Soil and Water Pollution, e.g. Domestic/industrial Waste, Fertilizer/
Insecticides
• Agricultural
• Chemical
• Non – biodegradable
• Oil Spillage
3ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION – III. Consequences of Pollution such as Respiratory Tract Infection
II. Water Borne Disease
III. Destruction of Soil Organisms and Poor Plant Yield.
IV. Control Measures
4SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs)I. Definition of STIs
II. Transmission of STIs
III. Signs and Symptoms of STIs
IV. Effects of STIs, prevention of STI (Responsible Sexual Behavior, Avoid the Use of
Unscreened Blood, Unsterilized Injection, Needles and Clippers)
V. Behaviors that put People at Risk
VI. Finding help
5HIV/AIDS – II. Meaning
II. Difference between HIV/AIDS
III. Mode of Transmission,
IV. Behaviors that put People at Risk
V. Prevention of HIV
6HIV/AIDSI. Counseling and Testing
II. Care and Support
III. Myths and Facts about HIV/AIDS
7 -8ENERGYI. Meaning of Energy II. Sources of Energy
III. Forms of Energy
IV. Transformation of Energy
V. Uses of Energy
9RENEWABLE AND NON RENEWABLE ENERGYI. Meaning
II. Examples
III. Uses and Misuse
IV. Describe how Energy Generation affects Quality of Life
10ENERGY AND SOCIETYI. Energy for Working and Operating Appliances, Seeing, Walking, Playing, Cooking, etc.
II. Energy from Hydro – Electricity for Electric Supply
III. Solar Energy Generates
IV. Heat Energy for Drying
V. Light Energy for Photosynthesis
11 -12REVISION AND EXAMINATION 

JSS1 Third Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 TermThird Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1REVISION OFLAST TERM’S WORK HUMAN REPRODUCTION – II. Meaning of Menstruation, Menstrual Hygiene, Cleanliness during Menstruation
II. Ovulation, Signs of Ovulation and the difficulty in predicting the Ovulation Period
III. Fertilization and Conception.
2HUMAN REPRODUCTION – III. Explain pregnancy
II. Symptoms of Pregnancy and where to get help
III. Growth of the Foetus (Stages, from Growth to Birth)
3FORCESI. Meaning and Types of Forces
II. Contact and Non – Contact Forces
III. Magnetic and Gravitational Force
4CALCULATIONSOF GRAVITATIONAL FORCEI. Balance and Unbalanced Forces
II. Friction – Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages
5SPACE TRAVELI. Meaning and Purpose of Space Travel
II. Benefits and Dangers of Space Travel
6GRAVITATION AND WEIGHTLESSNESSI. Explain Gravitation and Weightlessness
II. Effects of Gravitation on Objects
III. Demonstrate the Effect of gravitational Pull on Objects
7 -8EARTH IN SPACEI. The Solar System (Identify the Components of the Solar System)
II. Rotation and Revolution of the Earth and Moon
III. Description of Eclipse and Seasons
9SATELITESI. Meaning of Satellites
II. Uses of Satellites – Communication, Photography, Mapping, Geographical Information
System (GIS)
10CONSEQUENCES/IMPLICATION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCYI. Physical, Social and Emotional Implication.
II. Effects of Drugs and Self Medication during Pregnancy.
III. Effects of Drugs Abuse on Pregnancy
IV. Causes and Consequences of Birth defects
V. Myths and Facts about Teenage Pregnancy
VI. Finding Help
11 -12REVISION AND EXAMINATION 

Recommended Basic Science Textbooks for Junior Secondary School 1

The following are recommended Basic science textbooks for J.S.S.1.

  • Excellence in Basic Science and Technology Book 1 By M. O. Olaitan A. H. Iyabo S. Olatunde – Cambridge University Press.
  • Fundamental Basic Science for JSS1 by  Egwudike D.C et. al
  • WABP Basic Science/workbook for JSS1 By Agbebi E.A, Mwoltu P.P Et al – West African Publishers Ltd 
  • Basic Science By Ndu F.O, Olarewaju, A.O et al – Learn Africa Plc. 
  • JSS1Basic Science/workbook By Bajah S.T, Ango M.L et al – University Press Plc JSS 1

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