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JSS2 Basic Science Scheme of Work

Download the Junior Secondary School 2 (JSS2) Unified Scheme of Work for Basic Science to serve as a guide for educators

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About JSS2 Basic Science Scheme of Work

In Junior Secondary Schools (JSS2) in Nigeria, Basic Science aims to equip students with essential scientific knowledge and inquiry abilities. With the adoption of the National Policy on Education, the Basic Science program was introduced as a core subject at the Junior Secondary School level to introduce students to the world of science and to prepare them for higher education in science and technology.

Basic science is a science subject taught at the lower, upper primary, and junior secondary school levels. It helps students gain an understanding of the roles and functions of science in everyday life and the world in which they live.

By studying Basic Science at this level, students are encouraged to grasp scientific concepts, principles, and methodologies through a blend of practical experiments, theoretical learning, and hands-on activities. This foundational grounding in Basic Science is pivotal for students as it sets the stage for further academic pursuits in STEM disciplines and future career paths.

Assessment Guide

In junior secondary schools, how students are assessed in Basic Science can differ from school to school. However, typically, they are evaluated through tests or quizzes (Continuous Assessment Tests) and end-of-term exams.

Grading usually follows a scale from A to F, with A representing excellent performance, typically scoring around 70% or 80%, and F indicating failure, usually below 50% or 45%

JSS2 First Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 LAGOS STATE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION: UNIFIED SCHEMES OF WORK FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
 Basic Science Scheme of Work for Junior Secondary School 2(JSS2)
 ClassJ.S.S 2
 SubjectBasic Science
 TermFirst Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1LIVING THINGS – HABITATI. Definition of Habitat
II. Types of Habitat, e. g. Aquatic, Terrestrial and Arboreal (Water, Land and Air)
and Examples.
2ADAPTATION OF LIVING THINGS TO THEIR HABITATI. Various Adaptive
II. Features of Living Things in their Habitat
3RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANISMS IN THE SAME HABITATCharacteristics of Organisms in the same Habitat and what they have in Common
4UNIQUENESS OF HUMAN BEINGSI. Reasoning
II. Problem Solving
III. Inquisitiveness
IV. Observation
V. Measurement
VI. Inference
5MEASUREMENT OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGESGrowth changes in Height, Weight and Size.
6HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IDevelopmental Changes:
I. Infancy
II. Adolescents
III. Adulthood
IV. Characteristics Features of Stages of Development
7-8HUMAN DEVELOPMENTIII. Classification of Growth and Developmental changes as Temporary/Permanent
II. Factors that affect Growth and Development
9BODYIMAGE II. Meaning of Body Image
II. Physical Features, Size, Height, Race, Ethnicity, Color of Skin,Eyes and Hair
10BODY IMAGE IIPubertal and Body Image:
I. Effect of Pubertal changes on Body Image and Behavior
II. Misconceptions about Beauty as presented in the Media
III. Individual Uniqueness
11REVISION 
12EXAMINATION 

JSS2 Second Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 TermSecond Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1REVISION OF LAST TERM’S WORKWork, Energy and Power
I. Meaning of Work, Energy and Power
II. Concept of Work, Energy and Power
III. Forms of Energy – Heat, Light, Kinetic, Potential, etc.
2POTENTIAL AND KINETIC ENERGYI. Meaning of Potential and Kinetic Energy
II. Calculate Kinetic and Potential Energy
3CALCULATION INVOLVING WORK DONE 
4ENERGY TRANSFER WHEN WORK IS DONE 
5FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION II. Communication Techniques
II. Importance of Honest Communication about Pubertal concerns
to Responsible Parents
6FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION III. Life Span Continuum
II. Expressions of Feeling Desires and Fantasies from Birth to Death
III. Factors that Influence Individual Sense of Self – Worth (BodyImage)
7-8KINETIC THEORYThe Assumptions of the Kinetic Theory
9EXPLANATION OF SOME PHENOMENA USING KINETIC THEORYExplain the Molecular Structure of Solids, Liquids and Gases using the Kinetic Theory
10BOILING AND EVAPORATIONI. Explanation of Boiling and Evaporationusing Kinetic Theory
II. Factors that affect Evaporation
11REVISION 
12EXAMINATION 

JSS2 Third Term Scheme of Work for Basic Science

 TermThird Term
WeekTopicBreakdown
1REVISION 
2THERMAL ENERGY – IHeat Flow
 THERMAL ENERGY – IIHeat Transfer – Conduction, Convection and Radiation
3REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHI. Genetic Counseling
II. Breast Feeding and Its Advantages
III. Myths about Breast feeding
4ABSTINENCEI. Meaning of Abstinence
II. Types of Abstinence – Life Long, Delayed, Periodic Abstinence
III. Skills and Behavior that PromotesAbstinence
IV. Reasons why Young People must Abstain from Pre – MaritalSex
V. Reasons why Young People engage in Pre – Marital Sex
VI. Facts and Myths about SexualAbstinence
5CHEMICALSI. Meaning of Chemicals
II. Classes of Chemicals
a. Based on Use – Pharmaceutical/Cosmetics, Nuclear, Agrochemicals, Industrial and
Laboratory
b. Based on Hazardous Nature – Highly Hazardous and Toxic, Moderately Hazardous
and Toxic, Non Hazardous and Toxic
6CHEMICALS – SAFETY MEASURESSafety Measures when Using Chemicals
I. Adhere to the Manufacturer’s SafetyInstructions
II. Follow Safety Guidelines for Chemical Storage and Handling
III. Observe and Adhere to SafetySigns and Instructions on ChemicalPackages
IV. Ensure Proper Labeling and Storage of Chemicals
7-8DRUG ABUSEI .Meaning of Drug and Drug Abuse
II. Methods of Drug Use, e. g.Inhaling, Injection, Smoke, etc.
III. Common ways of Misusing Drugs
III. Social Risks Factors in Drug Abuse, e. g. BrokenHome, PeerInfluence
IV. Desperate move to get MoreDrugs
9CRUDE OIL AND PETROCHEMICALS II. Meaning of Crude Oil and Petrochemicals
II. Refining of Crude Oil
10CRUDE OIL AND PETROCHEMICALS III. Uses of Crude Oil and Petrochemicals II. Importance of Crude Oil and Petrochemicals
11REVISION 
12EXAMINATION 

Recommended Basic Science Textbooks for Junior Secondary School 2

The following are recommended Basic science textbooks for J.S.S.2.

  • Fundamental Basic Science for JSS2 by Egwudike D.C et.al
  • Model Basic Science/Workbook for J.S.S.2 by Okoye E. I – Mid-Field Publishers Ltd 
  • WABP Basic Science/workbook for J.S.S.2 by Agbebi E.A, Mwoltu P.P Et al – West African Publishers Ltd  
  • Basic Science for J.S.S.2 by Ndu F.O, Olarewaju, A.O et al – Learn Africa Plc. 
  • Basic Science/workbook forJ.S.S.2 by Bajah S.T, Ango M.L et al – University Press Plc

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