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WAEC Hausa Syllabus

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Writing Hausa in WAEC Exams

This WAEC Hausa syllabus is here to prepare you for your upcoming WAEC examinations in Hausa Language.

The exam will test your knowledge of the language, culture and some literary texts in Hausa. Ensure you study the syllabus as it will help you perform even better.

Marking Guide

The exam will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2. Details on the papers are as follows:

Paper 1: This will be a multiple-choice test and will last for 1 hour and carry 60 marks. It will have three sections, Sections A, B, and C.

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper 2.

PAPER 2: This will be an essay test which will also be in three sections, Sections A, B and C. The rubrics shall be written in Hausa. 

The paper will duration is 2 hours and will carry 100 marks. Candidates will be required to answer six questions as follows; Three from Section A, two from Section B and one from Section C. 

Candidates will be required to answer questions in the official Hausa orthography using the appropriate metalanguage.

Hausa Syllabus for WAEC Exams

 WAEC HAUSA SYLLABUS
SNTOPICSOBJECTIVES
 PAPER 1
ALANGUAGEI. Comprehension (2 short passages)
ii. Composition/Letter Writing
iii. Sound System
iv. Grammar
v. Translation
BLITERATUREi. Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation
ii. Oral Literature(Prose, Poetry & Drama)
iii. Written Literature(Prose, Poetry & Drama)
CCULTUREi. Customs
ii. Institutions
 PAPER 2
ALANGUAGE(i) Composition/Letter Writing
Candidates are advised to write an essay of about 300 words on the topic chosen. Candidates are advised to spend not more than 45 minutes on this question. The topics will include any of the following essay type:

Narrative – Insha’i Na Labari
Descriptive – Insha’i Na Siffance
Argumentative – Insha’i Na Muhawara
Expository – Insha’i Na Bayani
Dialogue – Muhawara ta kai tsaye
Proverbial – Karin Magana
Letter Writing – Rubutun Wasika

(ii) Sound System (Tsarin Sauti)

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions set. Questions will be set testing candidates’ knowledge of: (a) Consonants, Vowels and Syllable Structure: (Furucin bakake da wasula da kirar gaba) – their production in terms of place, manner and status of glotis e.g. bilabials, nasals, voice and voiceless sounds. (Gurbi da yanayi da matsayin makwallato na furucinsu misali ’yan lebba da ’yan hanci da mai ziza ko maras ziza)

– Syllable Structure – the way consonants and vowels combine in syllable.

Structure of Syllable (Tsarin gaba)
– Consonant + vowel (cv)
– BW – Consonant + vowel + vowel (cvv)
– BWW – Consonant + vowel + consonant (cvc) – BWB

Types of Syllable (ire-iren gaba)
– open syllable (budaddiyar gaba)
– close syllable (rufaffiyar gaba)

Vowel production (furucin Wasula)
– vowel length – short and long vowels, dipthongs
(gajeru da dogaye da tagwan wasula)

Tone (Karin Sauti)
– High tone (Karin sautin sama)
– Low tone (Karin sautin kasa)
– Falling tone (Karin sauti mai faduwa)

(iii) Grammar (Nahawu)

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions set.
Contents:
(a) Word Structure And Word Formation (Ginin kalmomi):
– Root – (saiwa)
– Affix – (dafi)
– Prefix – (dafa goshi)
– Infix – (dafa ciki)
– Suffix – (dafa keya)

(b) Word Classes (Azuzuwan kalmomi):
– Noun – (suna)
– Verb – (Aikatau)
– Adjective – (sifa)
– Adverb – (Bayanau)
– Pronoun – (Wakilin Suna)
– Conjunction- (Mahadi)
– Specifier – (Mafayyaci)
– Quantifier – (Ma’auni)
– Demostrative – (Nunau)
– Ideophone – (Amsa-kama)
– Diminutive – (Tsigilau)

– Stabilizer – (Dirka)
– Referential- (Madanganci)

(c) Grammatical Categories (Rukunonin Nahawu)
– Tense and Aspect – (Lokutan aiki)
– General Past – (Shudadden Lokaci Na I)
– Relative Past – (Shudadden Lokaci Na II)
– General Continuous – (Lokaci Mai Ci Na I)
– Relative Continuous – (Lokaci Mai Ci Na II)
– First Future – (Lokaci Na Gaba Na I)
– Second Future – (Lokaci Na Gaba Na II)
– Habitual – (Lokaci Na Sabo)
– Subjunctive – (Umurtau)
– Negative – (Korewa)
– Gender – (Jinsi)
– Number – (Adadi)

(d) The structure and Types of Sentences:
(Tsari da ire-iren jumloli)
– Subject and predicate – (yankin suna da na aikatau)
– Simple sentence – (sassaukar Jumla)
– Complex sentence – (sarkakkiyar Jumla)
– Compound sentence – (Hardaddiyar Jumla)
BLITERATUREThis section will consist of Oral and Written Literature and six questions will be set, out of which Two will be attempted, i.e. one from Oral Literature and one from Written Literature.

There will be six set books, three on Oral Literature and three on Written Literature.
(i) Oral Literature:
– Prose (Tatsuniya da tarihihi da Karin Magana da Ka-CinciKa-Cinci
– Poetry (Wakokin Baka)
– Drama (Wasannin Gargajiya)

In Oral Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

(ii) Written Literature:
In Written Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.
– Prose (Zube)
– Poetry (Rubutattun wakoki)
– Drama (Wasan kwaikwayo)
CCULTUREThis Section will test candidates’ knowledge of any of the following items on customs and Institutions: Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer one.

Topics to be examined will include:
(i) Greeting:
– Gaisuwar ban girma
– Gaisuwar taya murna
– Gaisuwar lokatai (safiya, rana, la’asar, damina, rani, d.s.)
– Jaje
– Ta’aziyya

(ii) Tarbiyya:
Hanyoyin tarbiyya (tsawa, kwabo, harara, horo, d.s.)
– Girmama iyaye
– Girmama na gaba
– Girmama tsara
– Da’a ga hukuma

(iii) Hospitality (karimci):
– Girmama bako
– Kyauta
– Ciyarwa – Sadaka

(iv) Family (Iyali):
– Al’adun Aure
– Haihuwa
– Radin Suna
– Reno
– Yaye
– Kaciya
– Zumunci
– Al’adun Mutuwa

(v) Traditional Beliefs and Practices:
Al’adun da suka saba wa addini misali: camfi, bori, duba, tsibbu, maita, fatalwa, d.s.

(vi) Traditional Occupations (sana’o’ in gargajiya):
– Noma
– Kira
– Saka
– Jima
– Wanzanci
– Kitso
– Sassaka
– Kiwo
– Dukanci
– Fawa
– Su
– Rini
– Kasuwanci
– Dillanci

(vii) Traditional Medicine (Magungunan gargajiya):
Masu ba da maganin gargajiya. Misali:
– Magori
– ’yar maiganye
– bokaye
– Wanzamai, d.s.

(viii) Traditional Authority and office holding (sarautun gargajiya)
– Sarki
– Hakimi
– Dagaci
– Mai Unguwa
– Shamaki
– Shantali
– Sarkin Zagi
– Liman
– Sarkin fada, d.s.

(ix) Forms of Traditional Recreation (Wasannin dandali):
– Dambe
– Kokawa
– Kalankuwa
– Shanci
– Sukuwa
– Hawan kaho

Recommended WAEC Hausa Textbooks

Language

  1. Sound System And Grammar – Tsarin Sauti Da Nahawun Hausa
  2. Sani, M. A. Z., U.P. Plc, Ibadan, 1999. Exam Focus Hausa Language.
  3. Sani, M. A. Z. et al. U.P. Plc, Ibadan, 2000 – Darussan Hausa 1 – 3
  4. Yahaya, I. Y. et al; U.P. Plc, Ibadan, 1992 Literature

Oral Literature

Prose:
1.  Labarun Gargajiya 2 yahaya, I. Y, O.U.P. Zaria 1977

Poetry:
Kowa Ya Sha Kida. Muhammad, S. I, Longman Nigeria Plc Lagos reprint 2003

Drama:
Wasannin Tashe A Kasar Hausa. Umar, M. B. NNPC Zaria, 1980

Written Literature

Prose:
Jabiru, A. NNPC, Zaria reprint 2004. Nagari Na Kowa
              

Poetry:
Ismaila, J., Longman Nigeria Plc Lagos, reprint 2002. Ciza ka Busa
            

Drama:
Shu’aibu, M. NNPC, Zaria, reprint 1983. Zamanin Nan Namu

Reference Texts

Literature: 

  1. Mukhtar, I., A.J. Publishers, Kano, 2002. Jagoran Nazarin Kagaggun Labara
  2. Muhimmancinsa Dangambo, A., Triumph Publishing Company, Kano, 1984
  3. Rabe-raben Adabi Da
  4. Harshe Da Adabin Hausa A by Kamala Ismaila, J. and Tanimu, M. Y. Spectrum Books, Ibadan, 2007            

Culture         

  1. Rayuwar Hausawa.  CSNL/BUK, Nelson Lagos, 1980
  1. Hausa Customs by Madauci, I. el al, NNPC, Zaria, 1970
  2. Labarai Na Da Da Na Yanzu NNPC, 1985
  3. Zaman Mutum Da Sana’arsa by E. M. Rimmer, et al, NNPC, Zaria, reprint 2002

Frequently Asked Questions About WAEC Hausa Exam

How can I create a study schedule to cover all the syllabus topics?

To create a good study schedule, I would advise you to draw up a reading timetable for all the subjects you will be taking in the WAEC exams. With this, you know the subjects you are to read for the day and the number of hours for each.

What are some common mistakes to avoid during my WAEC Hausa exam?

Some common mistakes include rushing through the exam, not reading questions carefully, and needing to manage your time well. Remember to cross-check your work and make your writing legible enough.

What is the purpose of the WAEC Hausa exam?

The purpose of the Hausa language exam is to assess students’ knowledge and understanding of the language and its culture.

Does WAEC punish candidates for examination malpractice?

Yes, if any candidate is caught cheating in the exam he or she will be punished for examination malpractice. Leading to cancellation or withholding of the result.

What is the required grade to get admitted into any University?

You must have at least credits in your five (5) core subjects to gain admission into any university including Mathematics and English Language.

How can a candidate collect his/her certificate?

School candidates are to collect their certificate from the school where they write the exam.

Private candidates are to obtain their certificates from WAEC directly.

Are there any specific topics that are heavily tested in the exam?

All the topics in the syllabus above are important and you will be tested on them.

 

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